Medication Assisted Treatment

Using medication to treat substance use disorders is often referred to as Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT).

Used in Combination with Counseling

In this model, medication is used in combination with counseling and behavioral therapies. Medications can reduce the cravings and other symptoms associated with withdrawal from a substance by occupying receptors in the brain associated with using that drug (agonists or partial agonists), block the rewarding sensation that comes with using a substance (antagonists), or induce negative feelings when a substance is taken.

Other Substance Abuse Treatment Options

MAT is has been primarily used for the treatment of opioid use disorder but is also used for alcohol use disorder and the treatment of some other substance use disorders.